Table 1

US high school sports participation for the period 1982–1983 to 2007–2008*

SeasonSportMaleFemaleTotals
FallAmerican football35 623 70117 87235 641 573
Field hockey2 7811 431 6761 434 457
Cross-country4 546 2183 486 4678 032 685
Soccer7 175 3415 184 87512 360 216
Water polo†220 778180 126400 904
WinterBasketball13 796 97311 041 03924 838 012
Wrestling6 235 01646 3616 281 377
Gymnastics98 169637 467735 636
Ice hockey722 87472 537795 411
Swimming2 242 8142 919 2255 162 039
Volleyball‡536 7475 364 4755 901 222
SpringBaseball10 916 75423 51710 940 271
Lacrosse858 712586 9731 445 685
Track and field13 266 49710 747 77424 014 271
Softball29 7438 141 8278 171 570
Tennis3 677 1323 832 5887 509 720
Golf§480 989199 721680 710
MultiseasonalCheerleading¶452 1138 590 1509 042 263
Totals100 883 35262 504 670163 388 022
  • *Cumulative total participation based on NFSHSA data summarised by Mueller and Cantu at the National Center for Catastrophic Injury Research website.12

  • †Data for 1992–1993 to 2007–2008.

  • ‡Data for 1993–1994 to 2007–2008.

  • §Data for 2005–2006 to 2007–2008.

  • ¶Includes sideline cheer and competitive cheer; participation figures used the first NFSHSA survey of both types done in 2007–2008 as a basis for estimating 26-year totals (assuming cheerleading participation has increased at the same rate as other sports). NFSHSA figures did not give numbers for male and female participation; male participation based on 5% of total.