Table 3

1982–1983 to 2007–2008 US high school direct catastrophic injury rates per 100 000 participants*

SportMaleFemaleTotals: male and female
FatalNon-fatalSeriousMale totalsFatalNon-fatalSeriousFemale totalsFatalNon-fatalSeriousTotals
American football0.290.750.741.780.000.000.000.000.290.750.741.78
Field hockey0.000.000.000.000.000.210.000.210.000.210.000.21
Cross-country0.000.020.000.020.000.000.000.000.000.010.000.01
Soccer0.100.030.080.210.000.020.020.040.060.020.060.14
Water polo†0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
Basketball0.010.030.070.110.000.010.030.040.010.020.050.08
Wrestling0.030.580.320.930.000.000.000.000.030.570.320.92
Gymnastics1.022.041.024.070.000.940.471.410.141.090.541.78
Ice hockey0.280.971.112.350.000.002.762.760.250.881.262.39
Swimming0.000.220.130.360.000.140.030.170.000.170.080.25
Volleyball‡0.000.000.000.000.000.020.000.020.000.020.000.02
Baseball0.090.160.200.450.000.000.000.000.090.160.200.45
Lacrosse0.230.470.581.280.000.000.170.170.130.280.420.83
Track and field0.150.110.140.400.010.010.060.070.090.070.100.25
Softball0.000.000.000.000.010.020.010.050.010.020.010.05
Tennis0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
Golf§0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
Cheerleading0.000.220.220.440.020.290.540.850.020.290.520.83
Grand totals0.150.360.350.860.010.070.100.180.090.250.260.60
  • *Data summarised from the National Center for Catastrophic Injury Research.13

  • †Data for 1992–93 to 2007–2008.

  • ‡Data for 1993–94 to 2007–2008.

  • §Data for 2005–2006 to 2007–2008.