Table 2 Summary of learning resources
Learning resourceGeneral findingsReference
Internet
  • More prominent in education and is recognised as having the ability to change performance, knowledge and skill acquisition

44
  • Valuable supplement to traditional approaches to education with the potential to improve learning quality, access to training and education, and enhance the cost effectiveness of education:

45
    • Distance learning: learning at a distance

46
    • Blended learning: combined electronic and face-to-face learning

    • Flexible learning: learner can choose either on-line or face-to-face learning

  • Differences among learners, best practices, accessibility and experience with technology to facilitate on-line learning require further examination

Television
  • Can act as a socialising agent and a learning tool

47
  • Direct class teaching: substitutes for teachers on a temporary basis

  • School broadcasting: compliments teaching and learning resources that are not available

  • General educational programming: programming occurs over the community, national and international stations, providing general information education

  • Linked to aggressive behaviour, violence and childhood obesity

Video games
  • Linked to inactivity, asocial and violent behaviour

48
  • Can target specific, positive learning outcomes by bridging the gap between learned theory and practical application, and offering important attributes for positive learning (eg motivation, mastering lessons through practice and repetition, goal setting and achievement, personalised learning and patience)

50
  • Barriers include high development costs, negative attitudes of parents and educators, and reluctance of educational settings to adopt electronic innovation