Table 1

Comparison between control (CON) and cold-water immersion (CWI) conditions for average ratings of perceived exertion after the first (CP1) and second (CP2) constant-pace cycle session, and the first (TT1) and second (TT2) 4-km time trial

CON13.2 (1.3)18.0 (0.7)16.8 (1.1)18.9 (1.1)
CWI12.8 (1.1)18.5 (1.3)14.3 (2.3)*18.2 (1.1)
  • Note, data are 6–20 scale Borg units for rating of perceived exertion.16

  • * Significantly (p<0.05) different from the CON condition.

  • Significantly (p<0.05) different from CP1.