Table 1

Peak oxygen uptake and exercise training

ParticipantsTraining protocolPeak VO2 (l/min)Peak VO2 (ml/kg/min)
StudyExperimental (E)Control (C)Frequency (per week)IntensityDurationLength (weeks)TypePrePostChange %PrePostChange %
Lussier and Buskirk90n = 16
11 B, 5 G, 10.3 y
n = 10
9 B
1 G,
10.5 y
492% maxHR45 min12Continuous running and gamesE 1.76
C 1.83
1.96
1.96
11.4
7.1
55.6
53.1
59.4
53.9
6.8*
1.5
Gilliam and Freedson91n = 11
B & G, 8.5 y
n = 12
B & G,
8.5 y
4HR at 165 beats/min25 min12Enhanced PE programmeE 1.29
C 1.34
1.34
1.4
3.9
4.5
43.4
40.5
42.9
40.9
−1.2NS
1.0
Becker and Vaccaro92n = 11 B, 9.6 yn = 11 B,
10.0 y
350% of the way between AT and peak VO240 min8Continuous cyclingE –
C –


39.0
41.7
47.0
44.0
20.5 NS
5.5
Savage et al93E1 n = 12 B, 8.0 y
E2 n = 8 B, 8.5 y
n = 10 B,
9.0 y
3E1 85%
max HR
E2 68%
max HR
2.4 – 4.8 km10Interval runningE1
E2 -
C –




55.9
52.2
57.0
58.5
54.6
55.7
4.7*
4.6 NS
−2.3
Mc Manus et al94*E1 n = 12 G, 9.3 y
E2 n = 11 G, 9.8 y
n = 7 G,
9.6 y
3E1 80–85%
max HR
E2 max
sprints
E1 20 min
E2 8 – 16 min
8E1 continuous cycling
E2 interval running
E1 1.30
E2 1.54
C 1.49
1.43
1.67
1.46
10.0
8.4
-2.0
45.4
48.3
44.9
48.7
50.3
43.8
7.3*
4.1*
−2.4
Welsman et al95E1 n = 18 G, 10.1 y
E2 n = 17 G, 10.2 y
n = 16 G,
10.2 y
3E1 80%
max HR
E2 75–80%
max HR
20 min
20 – 25 min
8E1 continuous cycling
E2 aerobics and circuit training
E1 1.76
E2 1.58
C 1.72
1.79
1.61
1.72
1.7
1.9
0.0
51.8
47.0
46.2
52.2
47.8
45.9
0.7 NS
1.7 NS
−0.6
Tolfrey et al96n = 12 B, 10.6 y
n = 14 G, 10.6 y
n = 10 B,
10.3 y
n = 9 G,
10.5 y
380% max HR30 min12Continuous cyclingEB 1.60
EG 1.36
CB 1.62
CG 1.52
1.66
1.54
1.65
1.52
3.8
13.2
1.9
0.0
46.6
39.3
50.7
44.7
47.2
42.4
50.3
43.0
1.3 NS
7.9 NS
−0.1
−3.8
Williams et al97E1 n = 13 B, 10.1 y
E2 n = 12 B, 10.1 y
n = 14 B,
10.1 y
3E1 80 – 85%
max HR
E2 max
sprints
E1 20 min
E2 6 – 8 min
8E1 continuous cycling
E2 interval running
E1 1.80
E2 1.84
C 1.92
1.93
1.91
1.97
7.2
3.8
2.6
54.7
54.8
56.4
57.5
56.2
56.7
5.1 NS
2.6 NS
0.5
Mandigout et al98n = 18 B, 10.7 y
n = 17 G, 10.5 y
n = 28 B,
10.5 y
n = 22 G,
10.5 y
375 – 80% max HR continuous
90% max HR interval
15 – 20 min continuous
60 – 90 min
interval
13Continuous and interval running
aerobic
activities
EB 1.70
EG 1.30
CB 1.60
CG 1.40
1.84
1.57
1.70
1.50
8.2
20.7
6.2
7.4
47.2
38.6
46.1
39.6
49.2
41.9
45.5
39.5
4.2*
8.5*
−1.3
0.2
Baquet et al99n = 13 B
n = 20 G
9.5 y
n = 10 B
n = 10 G
9.9 y
280 – 95 %
max HR
30 min7Interval runningE 1.54
C 1.62
1.68
1.62
9.1
0.0
43.9
46.2
47.5
45.3
8.2*
−1.9
Obert et al59n = 9 B, 10.5 y
n = 10 G, 10.4 y
n = 9 B,
10.7 y
n = 7 G,
10.7 y
380% max HR continous
90% max HR interval
60 min13Continuous and interval runningEB –
EG –
CB –
CG –






44.1
40.9
51.5
42.4
50.9
44.2
50.3
42.6
15.4*
8.1*
−2.3
0.5
McManus et al100E1 n = 10 B, 10.4y
E2 n = 10 B, 10.4 y
n = 15 B
10.5 y
3E1 85% max HR
E2 max sprints
20 min8 weeksE1 continuous cycling
E2 interval cycling
E1 1.65
E2 1.76
C 1.59
1.72
1.96
1.57
4.2
11.4*
−0.1
47.0
45.5
44.7
50.7
50.7
45.4
7.8*
11.4*
−0.2
Gamelin et al101n = 22
12 B
10 G, 9.8 y
n = 16
7 B
9 G,
9.3 y
3100 – 120% of MAV (ie, 80–90% max HR)30 min7Interval runningE –
C –


51.6
49.9
54.1
48.7
4.8*
−2.4
Obert et al102n = 25
14 B
11 G, 9-11 y
n = 25
13 B
12 G, 9-11 y
3100–130% of MAV25–30 min8Interval runningE –
C –


51.6
50.3
55.0
50.5
6.6*
−0.4
Massicotte and Macnab743 groups
n = 9 B
in each,
12.5 y
n = 9 B, 12.5 y3E1 HR at 170 – 180 beats/min
E2 HR at 150 – 160 beats/min
E3 HR at 130 – 140 beats/min
12 min6Continuous cyclingE1 2.00
E2 1.80
E3 1.70
C 2.00
2.30
1.90
1.80
1.90
15.0
5.6
5.9
−5.0
46.7
47.4
46.6
45.7
51.8
48.0
48.2
44.2
10.8*
1.3 NS
3.4 NS
−3.3
Stewart and Gutin103n = 13 B, 10 – 12 yn = 11 B,
10 – 12 y
490% of max HR14 – 21 min8Interval runningE –
C –


49.8
48.4
49.5
49.2
-0.6 NS
1.7
Burkett et al104n = 10 G, 15.6 yn = 9 G,
15.6 y
570% of max HR continuous
90% of max HR interval
Started at 9.7 km/week up to 32.2 km/week20Continuous and interval runningE –
C –


45.1
43.2
49.4
43.2
9.3*
0.0
Mahon and Vaccaro105n = 8 B, 12.4 yn = 8 B,
12.3 y
470 – 80% max HR continuous
90 – 100% peak
VO2, 135% HR
At VT interval
20 – 30 min
continuous
100 – 800 m
(from 1.5 to 2.5 km) interval
8Continuous and interval runningE 1.87
C 1.77
2.04
1.84
9.1
4.0
45.9
45.4
49.4
45.9
7.6*
1.1
Rowland and Boyajian106n = 13 B,
n = 24 G, 10.9 – 12.8 y
n = 13 B,
n = 24 G,
10.9 – 12.8 y
3HR at 153 – 184 beats/min20 – 30 min12Aerobic circuit training distance running/walking games, basketballE 2.02
C 1.96
2.24
2.02
10.9
0.1
44.7
44.3
47.6
44.7
6.5*
0.9
Rowland et al107n = 9 B,
n = 20 G, 11.8 y
n = 9 B,
n = 20 G,
11.8 y
385–90% max HR30 min13Aerobic dance, step aerobics'
distance running,
circuit activities
EB 2.15
EG 1.81
CB 2.08
CG 1.46
2.29
1.97
2.15
1.81
6.5
8.8
3.4
24.0
45.4
43.9
45.3
43.7
48.2
46.1
45.4
43.9
6.1 NS
5.0 NS
0.2
0.4
Stoedefalke et al108n = 20 G,
13.6 y
n = 18 G,
13.7 y
375–85% max HR20 min20Treadmill running, cycle and rowing ergometry, stair stepping, aerobic danceE 2.25
C 2.39
2.32
2.45
3.1 NS
2.5



  • NS indicates not significantly different from pretraining value (p ≥ 0.05).

  • * Indicates significantly different from pretraining value (p≤ 0.05).

  • Maturity assessed.

  • The table is formed from tables in Armstrong and Barker.78

  • AT, anaerobic threshold; B, boys; C, control group; E, exercise group; G, girls; HR, heart rate; MAV, maximal aerobic velocity; VT, ventilation threshold.