Table 5

Summary of prospective studies on determinants of sedentary behaviour in children and adolescents

Associated with sedentary behaviourNot associated with sedentary behaviour# samples showing associationLoE
# samplesReferencesAssociation# samplesReferences+
Biological, demographic
 Gender (male)1(36s (gaming))+1(36s (TV viewing))1/2?
 Parent education (more)2(36s (TV viewing)), (47o B (TST))3(47s B, G (TV/video viewing)), (47o G, (TST))1/62/6?
1(36s (gaming))+0
 BMI1(45s (screen time))+2(36s (TV viewing, gaming))1/3?
 Family makeup (single parent)1(36s (TV viewing))+1(36s (gaming))1/2?
 Emotional distress1(36s (gaming))+1(36s (TV viewing))1/2?
 Temperament02(36s (TV viewing, gaming))?
 Cognitive ability02(36s (TV viewing, gaming))?
 Impulsivity02(36s (TV viewing, gaming))?
 Physical aggression02(36s (TV viewing, gaming))?
 Hours of sleep02(36s (TV viewing, gaming))?
 Parent TV viewing behaviours1(27s G (mother, TV viewing))+1(27s G (father, TV viewing))1/2?
 Family functioning02(36s (TV viewing, gaming))?
 Biological, demographic
 Parent education04(47o B, G (TST)) (47s B, G (TV/video viewing))?
 % body fat1(43s G (STwknd))+2(43s B, G (STwk))1/3?
 Pubertal status (change)1(43s B (STwk))+2(43s B, G (STwknd))1/3?
 Pubertal timing (early)2(42s B, G (school year 7, screen time))+02/31/3?
1(42s G (school year 11, screen time))
  • +, positive association; −, negative association; ?, insufficient evidence for an association; References in bold, high quality study; B, boy; G, girl (studies reporting on boys and girls separately provided two samples, the sample includes both genders in case no B or G is stated); LoE, level of evidence; o, objectively measured sedentary behaviour; s, subjectively measured sedentary behaviour; STwk, total sedentary time on weekdays; STwknd, total sedentary time on weekend days; TST, total sedentary time per week; TV, television.