Table 3

Key methodological indicators of studies included in updated review (shaded studies reported a significant positive effect on PA)

ReferenceMethodological quality (0–10)DesignPA measureAdherence to intervention*
Family-based interventions
 Chen et al 2009369RCTAccelerometerNo information provided
 Hovell et al 2010376RCTCR 24 h recall75% had high attendance
 Morgan et al 2010385RCTPedometerParticipants attended 81% of sessions
 Reinehr et al 2010396RCTCR questionnaireAll families (except one) had high attendance
 Sacher et al 2010405RCTCR+PR questionnaireHigh for 9-week sessions (mean attendance 86%), low for 12-week swim pass (32% of families used this)
 Shelton et al 2007414RCTPR DiaryNo information provided
Community-based interventions
 Black et al 20104210RCTAccelerometer52% had high attendance
 Farley et al 2007432CTDirect observationPopular upon opening, higher attendance when school was in session
 Haire-Joshu et al 2010445RCTPR questionnaire82% had high attendance
 Rosenkranz et al 2010458RCTCR questionnaire (accelerometer for during intervention sessions)High implementation and high attendance
  • * High attendance defined as attending all or most of the sessions offered. The information provided varies according to what was provided in the original papers.

  • CR, child-report; CT, controlled trial; PA, physical activity; PR, parent-report; RCT, randomised controlled trial.