Table 3

Baroreflex modulation

RefAuthor/journalYearStudy typePatientsOutcomeLOE
31Murrell et al
J Appl Physiol
2007Clinical trial7 athletesAfter exercise, hypotension and postural reduction in autonomic function or baroreflex control place the brain at risk for hypoperfusion2
32Halliwill et al
J Physiol
1996Controlled trial9 menBaroreflex control of sympathetic activity into vascular resistance is altered after dynamic exercise2
33Gratze et al
Eur Heart J
2008Clinical trial51 menPostexercise OI is associated with a high basal sympathetic modulation of vasomotor tone in combination with diminished orthostatic response to resistance vessels2
34Privett et al
Br J Sports Med
2010Clinical trial10 experienced male runnersAfter prolonged exercise, SBP decreases as a result of inadequately compensated decrease in SV and resultant CO from standing2
35Fu et al
Am J Phsiol Heart Circ Physiol
2004Controlled trial10 women and 13 menLower orthostatic intolerance in women is associated with decreased cardiac filling rather than decreased vascular resistance compared with men2
  • LOE, level of evidence; OI, orthostatic intolerance; SBP, systolic blood pressure.