Table 2

Summary of the status of the population-level evidence and knowledge base for sports injury prevention*

Evidence need1999262003372011
Nature of injuries+++
Identification of risk factors+/−+
Identification of solutions+/−+/−+
Interventions trialled+/−
Evidence on effectiveness/implementation
Cost–benefit/cost-effectiveness analysis
  • +, Good evidence; +/−, Emerging or patchy evidence; −, Poor or no evidence.

  • * Collated for Australian purposes, however, these ratings also draw on the significant international literature and so are relevant internationally.