Table 4

Effect of interventions on outcome measures

InterventionOutcome measureHigh quality*Low quality*Best evidence synthesis
Manipulation of sacroiliac jointHamstring flexibility= 26Limited
Isokinetic testing= 26Limited
Slump stretchingMissed games+ 27Limited
Actovegin injection therapyTime to RTS+ 28Limited
Adverse effects= 28Limited
Stretching exercisesTime to RTS+ 29Limited
Hamstring flexibility+ 29Limited
NSAIDsPain score=Limited
Isokinetic testing= 30Limited
Agility and trunk stabilisation versus stretching and resistance exercisesTime to RTS reinjury= 31Limited
+ 31Limited
  • * High quality studies are studies with PEDro score ≥ 6; low quality studies are studies with PEDro score <6.

  • +, Positive effect of intervention on outcome measure; =, no effect of intervention on outcome measure.

  • NSAID, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug; PEDro, Physiotherapy Evidence Database; RTS, return to sport.