Table 2

Crude and adjusted analyses of relationships between any injury and potential risk factors (N=3040). A total of 237 cases are excluded due to missing data.

CrudeAdjusted
Variablesp ValueOR (95% CI: lower bound to upper bound)p ValueOR (95% CI: lower bound to upper bound)
Equipment*0.001<0.001
 Alpine skiers1.001.00
 Snowboarders2.11(1.80 to 2.46)2.11(1.81 to 2.46)
 Telemark skiers0.93(0.70 to 1.22)0.96(0.77 to 1.19)
Skiing ability<0.001<0.001
 Experts1.001.00
 Good1.04(0.88 to 1.23)1.07(0.88 to 1.31)
 Intermediate1.09(0.92 to 1.30)1.11(0.90 to 1.38)
 Beginners2.70(2.20 to 3.34)2.72(2.12 to 3.47)
Age<0.001<0.001
 < 13 years1.001.00
 13–20 years1.32(1.02 to 1.71)1.25(1.00 to 1.54)
 >20 years0.66(0.51 to 0.73)0.58(0.47 to 0.71)
Nationality0.0010.001
 Norwegian1.001.00
 Swedish1.10(0.95 to 1.13)1.16(0.97 to 1.39)
 Danish0.98(0.83 to 1.16)0.95(0.77 to 1.17)
 Non-Nordic1.58(1.24 to 2.00)1.80(1.37 to 2.36)
Skiing instruction0.680.30
 Attended1.001.00
 Not attended0.97(0.84 to 1.12)0.94(0.83 to 1.06)
Rented equipment0.300.44
 Not rented1.001.00
 Rented1.10(0.93 to 1.30)1.05(0.92 to 1.22)
Sex0.0030.09
 Males1.001.00
 Females0.81(0.70 to 0.93)0.91(0.81 to 1.02)
Helmet use0.0370.21
 Non helmet1.001.00
 Helmet users1.13(1.01 to 1.28)1.10(0.95 to 1.28)
  • * Users with other equipment are excluded because there were few injuries in this group.