Table 7

Adjusted multiple logistic regression analyses of relationship between shoulder injuries and potential risk factors (N=365).

Variablesp ValueOR (95% CI: lower bound to upper bound)
Equipment<0.001
 Snowborders1.00
 Alpine skiers1.16(0.77 to 1.74)
 Telemark skiers1.70(1.30 to 2.23)
Skiing ability<0.001
 Non-beginners1.00
 Beginners1.28(0.92 to 1.79)
Age<0.001
 <13 years1.00
 13–20 years0.45(0.28 to 0.73)
 >20 years0.74(0.50 to 1.07)
Nationality*0.008
 Nordic skiers1.00
 Non-Nordic1.82(1.43 to 2.78)
Skiing instruction0.058
 Attended1.00
 Not attended0.98(0.75 to 1.26)
Rented equipment0.64
 Not rented1.00
 Rented0.88(0.53 to 1.18)
Helmet use0.73
 Non helmet1.00
 Helmet users1.13(0.84 to 1.53)
Sex0.30
 Males1.00
 Females0.54(0.42 to 0.69)
  • * Non-Nordic skiers are skiers and snowboarders from outside Norway, Sweden and Denmark.

  • Users with other equipment are excluded because there were few injuries in these groups.

  • Non-beginners are experts, good and intermediate skiers.