Table 1

Physiological variables for control and reverse groups during the different trials

Control groupReverse group
Incremental 1Incremental 3Incremental finalIncremental 1DecrementalIncremental final
VO2max61.3±7.860.7±6.761.0±7.161.2±4.863.9±3.8*63.6±3.8*
TTF8.50±1.558.53±1.278.45±1.278.73±0.656.08±0.52*8.80±0.93
VE157.0±25.6149.2±28.0146.5±24.0*153.2±26.2154.5±23.4153.4±23.7
HR185.7±11.0182.1±12.0182.9±13.2182.9±14.9179.2±13.1183.7±9.7
BR53.4±5.850.0±7.251.1±6.451.6±6.551.3±5.850.0±7.8
RER1.15±0.071.12±0.081.11±0.071.15±0.061.07±0.061.09±0.08
V.VO2max15.7±1.615.4±1.215.6±1.216.2±0.914.3±1.1*16.3±0.9
  • All data presented as mean±SD.

  • * Different from respective Incremental 1 at p<0.05.

  • Different from control group at the same time at p<0.05.

  • BR, breathing rate (cycles min−1); HR, heart rate (beats min−1); RER, respiratory exchange ratio; TTF, time to fatigue (min); VO2max, maximal oxygen consumption (ml kg−1 min−1); VE, ventilation (l min−1); V.VO2max, speed at VO2max (km h−1).