Table 1

Details of participants and quality ratings of studies suitable for meta-analysis

PaperParticipants (number and gender (total))Injuries (number and gender (total))Sports and organisationsQuality index (%)
Baumhauer et al3472 F, 73 M (145)7 F, 8 M (15)Collegiate football, hockey and lacrosse14
Beynnon et al3568 F, 50 M (118)13 F, 7 M (20)Collegiate football, hockey and lacrosse (separate M/F cohorts)13
Engebretsen et al36508 M43Amateur football14
Hiller et al3794 F, 21 M (115)33 (total)Adolescent dancers12
Hrysomallis et al38210 M21Professional Australian football12
McGuine et al3991 F, 119 M (210)23 (total)High school basketball13
McHugh et al4068 F, 101 M (169)20 (total)University American football (M only), M and F basketball, F gymnastics, M and F football10
Trojian et al4180 F, 130 M (210)12 F, 16 M (28)One high school, 3 colleges. F volleyball, M and F football, M American football15
Tropp et al42127 M23Division 4 football team12
Wang et al4342 M18High school basketball15
Watson4480 M52Gaelic football, hurling11
Willems et al45152 M44Physical education, university students15
Willems et al4676 F32Physical education, university students15
Combined total2162 (total) 549 F, 1613 M372 (total)Mean 13.15 (SD=1.68)
  • M/F, male/female; football=soccer.