Table 5

Number of injuries and injury incidence in 517 elite handball players by age group, injury type and body region

Senior (n=171, Exp h=25899)u-18 (n=152, Exp h=20447)u-16 (n=194, Exp h= 24668)
Overuse injuriesTraumatic injuriesOveruse injuriesTraumatic injuriesOveruse injuriesTraumatic injuries
No.IRNo.IRNo.IRNo.IRNo.IRNo.IR
Shoulder/upper arm100.4 (0.2 to 0.7)70.3 (0.1 to 0.6)80.4 (0.2 to 0.8)50.2 (0.08 to 0.6)60.2 (0.09 to 0.5)70.3 (0.1 to 0.6)
Elbow/under arm20.08 (0.0 to 0.3)10.04 (0.0 to 0.2)30.1 (0.03 to 0.4)30.1 (0.03 to 0.4)30.1 (0.03 to 0.4)10.04 (0 to 0.2)
Hand/wrist10.04 (0.0 to 0.2)40.2 (0.04 to 0.4)10.05 (0.0 to 0.3)30.1 (0.03 to 0.4)0040.2 (0.04 to 0.4)
Finger10.04 (0.0 to 0.2)80.3 (0.1 to 0.6)10.05 (0.0 to 0.3)80.4 (0.2 to 0.8)0060.2 (0.09 to 0.5)
Hip/groin70.3 (0.1 to 0.6)140.5 (0.3 to 0.9)30.1 (0.03 to 0.4)20.01 (0.01 to 0.4)70.3 (0.1 to 0.6)40.2 (0.04 to 0.4)
Thigh40.2 (0.04 to 0.4)170.7 (0.4 to 1.1)10.05 (0.0 to 0.3)50.2 (0.08 to 0.6)0020.08 (0.0 to 0.03)
Knee120.5 (0.2 to 0.8)190.7 (0.4 to 1.1)80.4 (0.2 to 0.8)110.5 (0.3 to 0.1)140.6 (0.3 to 1.0)230.9 (0.6 to 1.4)
Lower leg50.2 (0.06 to 0.5)100.4 (0.2 to 0.7)80.4 (0.2 to 0.8)30.1 (0.03 to 0.4)261.1 (0.7 to 1.5)10.04 (0 to 0.2)
Achilles40.2 (0.04 to 0.4)10.04 (0.0 to 0.2)00.000010.04 (0 to 0.2)00
Ankle/foot50.2 (0.06 to 0.5)291.1 (0.8 to 1.6)30.1 (0.03 to 0.4)271.3 (0.9 to 1.9)40.2 (0.04 to 0.4)261.1 (0.7 to 1.5)
Head/cervical spine10.04 (0.0 to 0.2)80.3 (0.1 to 0.6)10.05 (0.0 to 0.3)40.2 (0.05 to 0.5)0020.08 (0.0 to 0.03)
Thoracal spine10.04 (0.0 to 0.2)50.2 (0.06 to 0.5)20.1 (0.01 to 0.4)10.05 (0.0 to 0.3)0000
Lumbal spine10.04 (0.0 to 0.2)40.2 (0.04 to 0.4)30.1 (0.03 to 0.4)30.1 (0.03 to 0.4)40.2 (0.04 to 0.4)40.2 (0.04 to 0.4)
Pelvis20.08 (0.0 to 0.03)00.0000.1 (0.01 to 0.4)00.0020.08 (0.0 to 0.03)10.04 (0 to 0.2)
Total562.2 (1.6 to 2.8)1274.9 (4.1 to 5.8)422.1 (1.5 to 2.8)753.7 (2.9 to 4.6)672.7 (2.1 to 3.4)813.3 (2.6 to 4.1)
  • Incidence is per 1000 athlete participation hours– values in parentheses are 95% CI; Exp H, exposure hours; u, under.