Table 4

Number (n) and proportions (%) of illnesses, affected systems, symptoms and causes separated for alpine skiing and snowboarding (alpine, ski cross, ski & snowboard halfpipe, snowboard slopestyle), curling, ice hockey (tournament, skills challenge), ice track sports (bob, luge, skeleton), Nordic skiing (biathlon, cross-country, ski jumping and Nordic combined)

Alpine skiing & snowboarding
n=222
Curling
n=64
Ice hockey
n=199
Ice-track sports
n=134
Nordic skiing
n=243
Skating
n=153
All*
n=1015
Illnesses13 (5.9)2 (3.1)28 (14.1)13 (9.7)23 (9.5)7 (4.6)86 (8.5)
Illness affected system
 Gastrointestinal11518 (9.3)
 Respiratory1011917552 (60.5)
 Allergic, immunological112 (2.3)
 Metabolic, endocrinological44 (4.7)
 Dermatological527 (8.1)
 Other (urogenital, gynaecological, cardiovascular, neurological, psychiatric, musculoskeletal, dental)21224213 (15.1)
Illness symptoms
 Fewer114219 (10.5)
 Pain619414438 (44.2)
 Diarrhoea, vomiting134 (4.7)
 Dyspnoea, cough23117 (8.1)
 Other (dehydration, anaphylaxis, lethargy, dizziness)41247128 (25.2)
Illness cause
 Infection921199343 (50.0)
 Environmental2214211 (12.8)
 Exercise-induced16714 (16.3)
 Other (pre-existing, drug)1933218 (20.9)
  • *Information is missing for six athletes.