Table 2

Cohort: baseline values for pain and DASH score and between-group changes for each group compared with reference after 20 weeks

Reduction after 20 weeks compared with Reference
Baseline 1WSSDBaseline 3WSSDBaseline 9WSSDBaseline REFSD1WS95% CI3WS95% CI9WS95% CITraining groups combined95% CI
PainITT (neck)3.322.253.132.413.052.303.242.260.27[-0.15; 0.69]0.11[-0.30; 0.51]0.39[-0.03; 0.81]0.43*[0.03; 0.83]
NeckCompleters (neck)0.74*[ 0.01: 1.46]0.78*[0.08; 1.49]0.71[-0.06; 1.48]0.75*[0.17; 1.32]
PainITT (right shoulder)2.222.322.322.381.882.222.012.390,56*[0.07; 1.05]0,36[-0.12; 0.84]0,43[-0.07; 0.93]0,45*[0.04; 0.85]
Right ShoulderCompleters (right shoulder)0,94*[0.42; 1.09]0,61[-0.12; 1.33]0,83*[0.04; 1.61]0,78*[0.19; 1.37]
PainITT (left shoulder)1.502.051.752.281.752.181.501.920,41[-0.03; 0.85]0,19[-0.24; 0.62]0,32[-0.12; 0.77]0,30[-0.06; 0.67]
Left shoulderCompleters (left shoulder)0,69*[0.22; 1.35]0,32[-0.33; 0.97]0,62[-0.08; 1.33]0,53[-0.01; 1.06]
DASHITT (neck)12161318101611144*[1; 8]7**[3; 10]2[-1; 6]4*[2; 7]
Completers (neck)6*[0; 11]9**[4; 15]2[-4: 8]6*[2; 10]
  • * p<0.05

  • ** p<0.01

  • DASH, Disability in Arms, Shoulders and Hands; ITT, intention to treat; 1WS, 1 h training once a week; 3WS, 20 min training three times a week; 9WS, 7 min training nine times a week; REF, reference group.