Table 1

Characteristics of knowledge transfer34

  • Includes all steps between the creation of new knowledge and its application

  • Needs multidirectional communications

  • Is an interactive process

  • Requires ongoing collaborations among relevant parties

  • Includes multiple activities

  • Is a non-linear process

▸ Emphasises the use of research-generated knowledge (that may be used in conjunction with other types of knowledge) ▸ Involves diverse knowledge-user groups ▸ User-specific and context-specific ▸ Impact-oriented ▸ Interdisciplinary process