Table 2

Interactive groups involved in KT and their role in concussion education and awareness

Interactive groups34Concussion-related groups
▸ Researchers within and across research disciplines▸ Scientists conducting concussion research
▸ Policymakers, planners and managers throughout the healthcare, public health, and health public policy systems▸ Education Amendment Act (Concussions; Bill 39 in Ontario), 2012 regarding policies and guidelines in respect of head injuries and concussions38 ▸ Implementation of concussion laws in 40 states in the USA39 ▸ Implementation of rules by National Sporting Organizations to reduce concussion and injury risk (eg, no pushing or checking from behind in Ice Hockey)
▸ Healthcare providers in formal and informal systems of care▸ Nurses and physicians providing current concussion information in their medical offices to patients
▸ General public, patient groups and those who help to shape their views and/or represent their interests, including the media, educators, non-governmental organisations and voluntary sectors▸ Healthy and concussed athletes, parents, coaches, trainers and teachers gathering information about concussion and educating those around them ▸ Peer support groups on Facebook40 or Twitter31 ▸ Organisations dedicated to concussion awareness (eg, ThinkFirst Canada, Centre for Disease Control (CDC), Hockey Canada, etc)
▸ The private sector, including venture capital firms, manufacturers and distributors▸ Helmet manufacturers, computerised concussion assessment tests/programmes, concussion balance assessments
  • KT, knowledge transfer.