Table 1

Characteristics of the studies included in the meta-analysis

ControlTrained
AuthorsYearNAge (y)SexNAge (y)SexTraining intensityOutcomeEffect
Miyachi et al1820041422Male1422MaleHighcarotid βIncrease
Okamoto et al192005919.9Female1019.1FemaleHighbaPWVIncrease
Kawano et al1720061622Male1220MaleModeratecarotid βIncrease
Cortez-Cooper et al2320081254Both1352BothModeratecfPWVNo change
Collier et al1520081549.8Both1547BothModeratecfPWVIncrease
Okamoto et al2020091019.7Male1019.6MaleHighbaPWVIncrease
Okamoto et al2120091020.1Both1020.2BothHigh, upper limbbaPWVIncrease
Yoshizawa et al2520091249Female1147FemaleModeratecfPWVNo change
  • high, >70% 1RM; moderate, 40%–70% 1RM; carotid β., carotid arterial β stiffness index.

  • baPWV, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity; cfPWV, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity; y, years.