Table 5

Referee decision for different incident types caused by opponent-to-player contact from video analysis of all games (n=240 each season)

 201020112010 vs 2011
IncidentsPercentageIncidentsPercentagep Value
Opponent-to-player contact (n=1421)
 Free kick37952367530.50
 Sanctioned12834114310.38
Passive tackling incidents (n=724)
 Free kick25367262760.01
 Sanctioned10843103390.44
Arm-to-head contact (n=188)
 Free kick383530380.66
 Sanctioned6164130.89
Arm-to-head contact in heading duels (n=131)
 Free kick344117360.63
 Sanctioned515160.36
  • Proportions were compared using a χ2 test.