Table 1

Characteristics of the SA and AUS chronic TEN groups and their respective CON groups

SA CONSA TENp ValueAUS CONAUS TENp Value
Age (years)36.4±10.8 (154)40.9±14.8 (92)0.00739.4±12.3 (174)40.7±14.5 (77)0.487
Sex (% male)63.8 (160)67.6 (105)0.51840.3 (176)71.8 (78)<0.001
Height (cm)175±9 (155)176±9 (92)0.345171±9 (175)174±10 (75)0.059
0.101*
Weight (kg)72.2±11.9 (159)77.2±13.4 (97)0.002
0.117†
72.7±14.4 (176)79.7±13.4 (78)<0.001
0.343‡
BMI (kg/cm2)23.6±2.8 (151)24.8±3.3 (81)0.003
0.126†
24.7±3.9 (175)26.2±3.5 (75)0.003
0.385‡
Country of birth (% Australian)n.d.n.d.n.d.80.9 (173)76.6 (77)0.497
Country of birth (% South African)73.6 (159)74.3 (101)1.000n.d.n.d.n.d.
  • The participants were included in the analysis if they were genotyped at least once for rs3753841, rs1676486 or rs1799907. The variables are expressed as mean±standard deviation, except for sex and country of birth, which are represented as a percentage (%). The number of participants for which data were available is indicated in parenthesis (n). Weight, height and BMI values are those reported at recruitment.

  • *Covaried for sex.

  • †Covaried for age of recruitment.

  • ‡Covaried for age of recruitment and sex.

  • Age of CON groups, age of recruitment; age of TEN groups, age of initial onset of symptoms; AUS, Australian; BMI, body mass index; CON groups, control groups; n.d., not determined; SA, South African; TEN, Achilles tendinopathy.