Table 2

Most common body composition methods by continent

MethodAmericasEuropeOceaniaOthers
(n=92)(n=55)(n=28)(n=13)
ISAK skinfolds (%)2447*82*†54
Other skinfolds (%)345125†23
BIA (%)1542*14†15
ADP (%)15111115
Hydrostatic Weighting (%)7970
DXA (%)233543*31
  • Note: more than one response was possible analysed by χ2 (comparisons did not include ‘others’).

  • *Different from the Americas (p<0.001).

  • †Different from Europe (p<0.05).

  • ADP, air displacement plethysmography; BIA, bioelectrical impedance; DXA, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry; ISAK, skinfold assessment according to the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry.