Table 2

Survival from sudden cardiac arrest in US high schools

Number of casesSurvival to hospital discharge
All cases5942 (71%)
Gender
 Male4735 (75%)
 Female127 (58%)
Ethnicity
 African-American84 (50%)
 Caucasian4734 (72%)
 Hispanic22 (100%)
 Other22 (100%)
Students
 All students2622 (85%)
 Student-athletes1816 (89%)
  Males1614 (88%)
  Females22 (100%)
 Student non-athletes86 (75%)
Setting
 Sporting event4032 (80%)
  Game/competition2116 (76%)
  Practice/training1916 (84%)
 Non-sporting event1910 (53%)
Physical activity
 During physical activity2724 (89%)
  Student-athletes1816 (89%)
  Adults98 (89%)
 Not during physical activity3218 (56%)
Witnessed
 Witnessed5542 (76%)
 Unwitnessed40 (0%)
CPR
 Performed5439 (72%)
 Not performed53 (60%)
Source of AED used
 School4132 (78%)
 EMS (offsite)168 (50%)
 EMS (onsite)22 (100%)
Defibrillation onsite
 Shock delivered3934 (87%)
 Shock not indicated156 (40%)
 AED not applied32 (67%)
 Unable to confirm20 (0%)
Emergency action plan for SCA
 Established4737 (79%)
 Not established94 (44%)
 Unable to confirm31 (33%)
  • AED, automated external defibrillator; CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation; EMS, emergency medical services; SCA, sudden cardiac arrest.