Table 5

Studies assessing the effect of pelvic floor muscle exercises during pregnancy (to prevent/treat urinary incontinence), studies published as only abstracts are not included

StudyEligibility criteria specifiedSubjects randomly allocated to groupsAllocation was concealedGroups were similar at baselineSubjects were blindedTherapist administrating the treatment was blindedAssessors were blindedMeasures of key outcomes obtained from > 85% of subjectsData analysed by intention to treatStatistical comparison between groups were conductedPoint measures and measures of variability providedTotal score
Sleep and Grant38?+??+++4/10
Mørkved and Bø37+++++4/10
Wilson and Herbison43++++++5/10
Sampselle et al30++++++++7/10
Glazener et al42++++++++7/10
Meyer et al36+????+?++3/10
Chiarelli and Cockburn34++++?++++7/10
Reilly et al29+++++++++8/10
Mørkved et al28+++++++++8/10
Dumoulin et al41+++++++++8/10
Ewings et al35+++++++7/10
Gorbea Chàvez et al26+++++++?7/10
Woldringh et al33+++?+++6/10
Dinc et al19++++?+++7/10
Mason et al22+++++++7/10
Ko et al++++?+?++7/10
Bø and Haakstad17+++++++7/10
Stafne et al23+++++++++8/10
Sangsa-wang et al25++?+++5/10
Kim et al24+++++++7/10
  • PEDro quality score of randomised controlled trial in systematic review. +, Criterion is clearly satisfied, −, criterion is not satisfied, ?, not clear if the criterion was satisfied. Total score is determined by counting the number of criteria that are satisfied, except that scale item one is not used to generate the total score. Total scores are out of 10.