Table 2

Clinical outcomes of older men according to their level of physical activity

Clinical outcomes at the follow-up assessmentPhysically inactive
n (%)
Physically active
n (%)
Risk ratio*95% CI
Depression168 (7.6)36 (5.4)0.710.50 to 1.01
Cognitive impairment730 (33.0)190 (28.4)0.860.75 to 0.98
Impaired IADL1460 (57.6)349 (47.1)0.820.75 to 0.89
Impaired ADL958 (37.8)220 (29.7)0.790.70 to 0.89
No mood, cognitive or functional impairment*680 (26.8)259 (34.9)1.301.16 to 1.47
  • Outcomes were collected 11 years after the assessment of physical activity.

  • We considered physically active men who reported 150 min or more of vigorous exertion during a typical week.

  • *Risk ratio of the outcome of men who are physically active relative to their insufficiently active counterparts.

  • †Risk ratio=1.21 (95% CI 1.08 to 1.35) after adjustment for age, education, marital status, smoking, alcohol use, body mass, hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular disease at the time of entry into the study.

  • IADL, instrumental activities of daily living; ADL, activities of daily living.