Table 2

Descriptive statistics for academic attainment

Academic attainmentMalesFemales
nMean (SD)/mode (range)nMean (SD)/mode (range)
11-years-old (key stage 2)
 English mark170461.4 (13.7)211465.7 (13.1)
 English level17004 (3)21085 (2)
 Maths mark170873.5 (18.1)210470.1 (17.7)
 Maths level17075 (4)20994 (4)
 Science mark171063.4 (9.8)211063.0 (10.0)
 Science level17125 (4)21135 (3)
13-years-old (key stage 3)
 English mark148448.6 (16.0)182754.7 (14.9)
 English level14685 (4)18236 (4)
 Maths mark148389.2 (20.9)183186.0 (20.7)
 Maths level14837 (5)18277 (5)
 Science mark1494101.8 (21.6)1836101.4 (22.8)
 Science level14916 (4)18326 (5)
16-years-old (key stage 4)
 GCSE English16476.4 (1.3) (Grade C)20386.8 (1.2) (Grade B)
 GCSE Maths15846 .6 (1.5) (Grade C)20146.5 (1.5) (Grade C)
 GCSE Science9666.5 (1.4) (Grade C)11996.4 (1.4) (Grade C)
  • At key stages 2 and 3, raw scores are converted to levels (levels 1–8, with 8 being highest). By the end of key stage 2, most pupils will have reached level 4 and at the end of key stage 3, most pupils will have reached levels 5–6.