TableĀ 2

Modes of onset, causes of injuries and contributing factors (modified from references 1, 2 and 18)

Mode of onsetCausesContributing factors
1. Sudden onset incident 2. Gradual onset incident1. Traumatic injury
1.1. Contact injury
1.1.2. Contact with another athlete
1.1.3. Contact: moving object (eg, discus)
1.1.4. Contact: immobile object (eg, hurdles)
1.2. Non-contact injury
2. Overuse injury
A. Recurrence of previous injury
B. Violation of rules (obstruction, pushing)
C. Field of play conditions
D. Weather condition
E. Equipment failure
F. Fatigue
G. Psychological
Z. Other