Table 1

Study characteristics summary

StudyInterventionPopulationCompletionFollow-upInjuriesPrimary out
Askling et al26StrengthSoccer, male, eliteIntervention 15 Control 1510 weeks + 1 seasonIntervention 3 Control 10Hamstring injury
Beijsterveldt et al27MultiSoccer, 18–40, male amateurIntervention 223 Control 2339 monthsIntervention 135 Control 139All injuries
Brushoj et al28MultiConscripts, 19–26 yearsIntervention 487 Control 49012 weeksIntervention 50 Control 48Overuse knee injury
Coppack et al29StrengthRecruits, 17–30 yearsIntervention 759 Control 74314 weeksIntervention 10 Control 36Overuse ant. knee pain
Eils et al30ProprioceptionBasketball, 1st–7th leagueIntervention 81 Control 911 seasonIntervention 7 Control 21Ankle injury
Emery et al31ProprioceptionStudents, 14–19 yearsIntervention 60 Control 546 weeks + 6 monthsIntervention 2 Control 10All injuries
Emery and Meeuwisse32MultiSoccer, 13–18 yearsIntervention 380 Control 3641 yearIntervention 50 Control 79All injuries
Emery et al33ProprioceptionBasketball, 12–18 yearsIntervention 494 Control 4261 yearIntervention 130 Control 141All injuries
Gilchrist et al34MultiSoccer, collegiateIntervention 583 Control 85212 weeksIntervention 2 Control 10Non-contact ACL
Heidt et al35ProprioceptionH. school, female, soccerIntervention 42 Control 2581 yearIntervention 6 Control 87All injuries
Holmich et al36MultiFootball, 2nd–5th levelIntervention 477 Control 43042 weeksIntervention 23 Control 30Groin injuries
Jamtvedt et al37StretchInternet, >18 yearsIntervention 1079 Control 104612 weeksIntervention 339 Control 348Lower limb + trunk injury
LaBella et al38MultiAthletes, femaleIntervention 737 Control 7551 seasonIntervention 50 Control 96Lower extremity injury
Longo et al39MultiBasketball, maleIntervention 80 Control 419 monthsIntervention 14 Control 17All injuries
McGuine and Keene40ProprioceptionBasketball, adolescentIntervention 373 Control 3924 weeks + 1 seasonIntervention 23 Control 39Ankle sprain
Olsen et al41MultiHandball, 15–17 yearsIntervention 958 Control 8798 monthsIntervention 48 Control 81Knee and ankle injury
Pasanen et al42MultiFloorball, female, eliteIntervention 256 Control 2016 monthsIntervention 20 Control 52Non-contact injuries
Petersen et al43StrengthSoccer, male, eliteIntervention 461 Control 48112 monthsIntervention 12 Control 32Hamstring injuries
Pope et al44StretchRecruits, 17–35 yearsIntervention 549 Control 54412 weeksIntervention 23 Control 254 specific LE injuries
Pope et al 200045StretchRecruits, maleIntervention 666 Control 70212 weeksIntervention 158 Control 175Lower limb injuries
Soderman et al46ProprioceptionSoccer, female, eliteIntervention 62 Control 787 monthsIntervention 28 Control 31Lower extremity injury
Soligard et al47MultiFootball, 13–17, femaleIntervention 1055 Control 8378 monthsIntervention 121 Control 143Lower extremity injury
Steffen et al48MultiSoccer, femaleIntervention 1073 Control 9478 weeks + 1 seasonIntervention 242 Control 241All injuries
Walden et al49StrengthSoccer, 12–17, femaleIntervention 2479 Control 20857 monthsIntervention 7 Control 14ACL injuries
Wedderkopp et al50ProprioceptionHandball, 16–18, femaleIntervention 111 Control 12610 monthsIntervention 11 Control 45All injuries