Table 3

Summary of the main outcome parameters

ParametersReference number
Lung function parameters26373272829303132333435363839404142434445464748492505152
 PEF++++
 FEV1+++
 FEF25–75
 FVC++
 FEV1/FVC
 VC
Cardiorespiratory parameters
 VO2max+++++
 Ventilatory threshold+±+
 VEmax++
 O2pulsemax+±+
 HRmax++±
 Wmax++
 Working capacity+
Asthma control
 EIB+++
 Bronchial hyper responsiveness+
 PAQLQ++
 Symptom scores+
 Asthma attacks++
 Days of wheezing++
 Medication scores
  • +=Significant change in the training group compared with the control group after the training programme (p<0.05).

  • −=No significant change after training in the training group compared with the control group (p>0.05).

  • +/−=Significant changes after two different exercise periods (first period: 3 month aerobic training; second period: 3 months high-intensity training).

  • EIB, exercise-induced bronchoconstriction; FEF, forced expiratory flow; FEV, forced expiratory volume; FVC, forced vital capacity; HRmax, maximal heart rate; PAQLQ, Paediatric asthma quality of life questionnaire; VC, vital capacity; VEmax, maximal minute ventilation; VO2max, maximal oxygen uptake.