Table 2

Incidence studies in college athletes

AuthorYearCountryStudy designCase identificationDenominatorExertional deaths of all?SCD or SCA+SCDYears studiedPopulationIncidenceNumber of yearsAge rangeMean ageNumber of cardiac deaths
Drezner292005USARetrospective surveySurvey answered by 244/326 (75%) Div I NCAA institutionsNumber of athletes at surveyed schoolsAllSCDCollege athletes1:67 0003.35
Harmon32011USARetrospective cohortParent Heart Watch database, NCAA Resolutions list, insurance claims—capture–recapture analysis demonstrated 90–100% of deaths were likely identifiedParticipation data from NCAAAllSCD2004–2008College athletes1:43 000518–262037
Maron72014USARetrospective cohortUS Registry for Sudden Death in Athletes and NCAA resolutions list for cardiac casesParticipation data from NCAAAllSCD2002–2011College athletes1:83 000—confirmed 1:62 000—presumed1017–262064
  • SCA, sudden cardiac arrest; SCD, sudden cardiac death.