Table 3

Evidence for the effectiveness of physiotherapy and manual therapy for subacromial impingement syndrome

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  • *In favour of.

  • +, limited evidence found; ++, moderate evidence found; +++, strong evidence found; ±, conflicting evidence for effectiveness; CWH, clinic-based work hardening; FU, follow-up; NE, no evidence found for effectiveness of the treatment: RCT(s) available, but no differences between the intervention and control groups were found; SR, systematic review; RCT, randomized clinical trial; WWH, workplace-based work hardening.