Table 3

Cardiac examinations performed and relative costs using the preparticipation cardiovascular evaluation including ECG (H&P+ECG) and in the hypothetical case of using only H&P

Examination (cost per exam, CHF)No of athletes H&P+ECG strategy (%)Total cost per test (CHF)Number of athletes H&P strategy (%)Total cost per test (CHF)
Preparticipation cardiovascular evaluation (H&P+ECG:102.8, H&P: 75.85)1070 (100)109 9961070 (100)81 159
Echocardiogram (312.08)60 (5.6)18 72421 (2.0)6553
Exercise stress test (156.95)43 (4.0)674813 (1.2)2040
24 h Holter monitoring (195.35)20 (1.9)39075 (0.5)976
24 h blood pressure monitoring (87.80)7 (0.7)6146 (0.6)526
Cardiac MRI (705.10)5 (0.5)352500
ECG with exposure to adenosine (155.75)4 (0.4)6231 (0.1)155
ECG (26.95)*4 (0.4)10714 (1.3)377
Signal-averaged ECG (69.25)1 (0.1)691 (0.1)69
Genetic test for long QT syndrome (3456)1 (0.1)345600
Electrophysiological study and radiofrequency ablation (9695)1 (0.1)969500
Total cost of the programme157 46491 855
  • *ECG for family screening.

  • CHF, Swiss francs; H&P, medical history and physical examination.