Table 4

Comparison of public and private healthcare costs and injury rates for Pee Wee ice hockey players in Quebec, where body checking is not allowed, versus Alberta, where body checking is allowed, by session type (game, practice, game and practice)

ComparatorsCosts* ($C) (95% CI)Injuries (95% CI)Incremental costs†
($C) (95% CI)
Incremental injuries† (95% CI)
Per 1000 player-hours
 Game
 Quebec230 (144 to 329)1.37 (1.04 to 1.80)
 Alberta683 (496 to 896)4.20 (3.49 to 5.06)−453 (−683 to −242)−2.84 (−3.70 to −1.97)
Practice
 Quebec108 (44 to 182)0.68 (0.41 to 1.13)
 Alberta178 (71 to 308)0.90 (0.58 to 1.42)−70 (−215 to 58)−0.23 (−0.76 to 0.31)
Game + practice
 Quebec184 (120 to 257)1.11 (0.85 to 1.45)
 Alberta473 (358 to 603)2.83 (2.37 to 3.38)−289 (−432 to −153)−1.72 (−2.31 to −1.14)
Per 100 players
 Game
 Quebec1125 (696 to 1619)6.69 (4.94 to 8.60)
 Alberta3062 (2232 to 3976)18.86 (15.40 to 22.50)−1937 (−2950 to −970)−12.17 (−16.16 to −8.18)
Practice
 Quebec320 (127 to 546)2.01 (1.03 to 3.17)
 Alberta569 (224 to 980)2.89 (1.67 to 4.24)−249 (−709 to 157)−0.88 (−2.55 to 0.79)
Game + practice
 Quebec1445 (925 to 2041)8.70 (6.46 to 11.26)
 Alberta3631 (2744 to 4593)21.75 (17.97 to 25.64)−2186 (−3287 to −1106)−13.05 (−17.60 to −8.50)
  • *Calculated as the sum of public and private direct healthcare costs for healthcare resources utilised by each injured player.

  • †Calculated as the difference between Quebec and Alberta costs and injury rates (ie, Quebec − Alberta).