Table 2

Caries, periodontal disease, dental erosion/tooth wear, pericoronitis and TMJ disease

SportStudy typeAuthor/number of participantsCariesPeriodontal diseaseDental erosion/tooth wearPericoronitis/impacted third molarTMJ disease
BiathlonEpidemiological survey (oral examination)Lundell24 n=3122% with cariesPeriodontal disease requiring care=6%Not reported39% required wisdom tooth removal6% TMJ disorder
CyclingEpidemiological survey (oral examination)Milosevic et al27 n=20Mean DMFS=11.6 (SD 8.4)Not reported85% athletes with wear into dentineNot reportedNot reported
FootballEpidemiological survey (oral examination)de Sant'Anna et al15 n=18Mean DMFT=8Not reportedNot reportedNot reportedNot reported
Gay-Escoda et al21 n=30Mean DMFT=5.7 (SD 4.1)Plaque score=2.3 (SD 1.1)
Gingival score=1.1 (SD 0.8)
Pocket depth=1.9 mm (SD 0.3)
Not reportedNot reported6.7% with deviation on opening, clicking in 16.7%
Randell31 n=3421% with untreated caries/pulp exposures3% advanced periodontal diseaseNot reported32% with impacted third molarsNot reported
Olympic sports/Mixed sportsEpidemiological survey (oral examination)de Cardenas14 n=20975.12% with cariesNot reportedNot reportedNot reportedNot reported
 Injury or treatment auditForrest19 n=350Mean DMFT ranged from 2.8 to 16.8Mean periodontal score ranged from 0.6 to 2.2Not reported4% all emergency visits were for pericoronitisNot reported
Needleman et al1 n=27841% with caries into dentine76% BPE 1 or 2
15% BPE 3 or 4
Present in 44.6% of athletes9.9% with pericoronitisNot reported
Szekely37 n=197Caries was 23% of all diseasesNot reportedNot reportedNot reportedNot reported
Sharma et al33 n=342Fillings/temporary fillings 20%, endodontics 3%, extractions 1%Not reportedNot reportedNot reportedNot reported
Soler Badia et al34 n=266Broken/lost filling 20%, pulpitis 18%, caries 15.8% (athletes only)Not reportedNot reported4.6% with pericoronitis or impacted wisdom teethNot reported
Vougiouklakis et al38 n=658Fillings/temporary fillings 50%, endodontics 13%, extractions 16%
Data from athletes and non-athletes
Not reportedNot reportedNot reportedNot reported
SwimmingEpidemiological survey (oral examination)Yang et al39 n=795Fillings/temporary fillings 29%, endodontics 16%, extractions 3%
Data from athletes and non-athletes
Periodontal treatment 4%,Not reportedNot reported0.15% of all visits to the Olympic dental clinic
Milosevic et al27 n=205DMFS=6.2 (SD 8.6)Not reported36% wear into dentineNot reportedNot reported
TriathlonEpidemiological survey (oral examination)Bryant et al11 n=31DMFT 0–4 in 6 cases, 9 in 2 cases
Patients self-reported as moderate to high caries risk
‘Good’Not reportedNot reportedNot reported
WrestlingEpidemiological survey (oral examination)Persson and Kiliaridis29 n=51DFT 9.4 (SD 3.9) wrestlers
DFT 8.2 (SD 5.5) control population
Not reportedNot reportedNot reportedNo difference between test wrestling and control (<0.05) (1 individual per group with TMJ tenderness)
  • BPE, basic periodontal examination; DFT, decayed and filled teeth; DMF, Decayed Missing Filled; DMFS, DMF surfaces; DMFT, DMF Teeth; TMJ, temporomandibular joint.