Table 1

Major joint injection accuracy

 Level of evidence
Level 1, mean (range) (%)Level 2, mean (range) (%)Level 3, mean (range) (%)Level 4, mean (range) (%)Level 5, mean (range) (%)
GH jointUSGI100 (97–100)8 15 39 42 46 4991 (89–93)5 3810016
LMGI64 (27–100)7 10 24 31 40 43 4773 (10–100)5 11 17 25 26 28 38 60 61
Hip jointUSGI99 (97–100)8 27 41 44 451003010044
LMGI73 (67–78)12 50
Knee jointUSGI95 (75–100)8 21 23 32 36 3798 (96–100)5 91001610020
LMGI81 (62–100)10 19 21–23 31 32 36 37 4874 (55–100)5 9 10 13 26
SI jointUSGI401810034
LMGI
  • GH, glenohumeral; LMGI, landmark-guided injection; SI, sacroiliac; USGI, ultrasound-guided injection.