Table 4

Intermediate joint injection accuracy

 Level of evidence
Level 1, mean (range) (%)Level 2, mean (range) (%)Level 3, mean (range) (%)Level 4, mean (range) (%)Level 5, mean (range) (%)
SC jointUSGI
LMGI78 (74–82)79
AC jointUSGI95 (90–100)63 70
LMGI52 (33–72)63 69 70 72 78026
Elbow jointUSGI10016
LMGI97 (83–100)26 31
Distal RU jointUSGI10077
LMGI
Wrist jointUSGI100810016
LMGI74 (50–97)26 31
STT jointUSGI10074
LMGI8074
Proximal TF jointUSGI10076
LMGI5876
TT jointUSGI100 (100)66 71 8010016
LMGI64 (50–77)26 3187 (78–100)65 66 80
ST jointUSGI97 (90–100)66 71 75
LMGI89 (68–100)66-68
Elbow, wrist, TT jointUSGI10052
LMGI2952
  • AC, acromioclavicular; LMGI, landmark-guided injection; RU, radioulnar; ST, subtalar; STT, scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal; TF, tibiofibular; TT, tibiotalar; USGI, ultrasound-guided injection.