Table 2

The PEDro quality assessment of individual studies

Journal articlePEDro scale
Askling et al19++++++++8
Engebretsen et al21+++++5
Gabbe et al20++++++6
Petersen et al22+++++++++9
  • 1. Eligibility criteria were specified.

  • 2. Subjects were randomly allocated to groups.

  • 3. Allocation was concealed.

  • 4. Groups were similar at baseline regarding most important prognostic indicators.

  • 5. Blinding of all participants.

  • 6. Blinding of therapists who administered the therapy.

  • 7. Blinding of all assessors who measured at least one key outcome.

  • 8. Measures of at least one key outcome were obtained from more than 85% of the participants.

  • 9. All subjects for whom outcome measures were available received the treatment or control condition as allocated.

  • 10. Results of between-group statistical comparisons are reported for at least one key outcome.

  • 11. Study provides both point measures and measures of variability for at least one key outcome.

  • +, met criteria; −, criteria not met.

  • PEDro, Physiotherapy Evidence Database.