TableĀ 1

Characteristics of optimal and suboptimal loading

Optimal loadingSuboptimal loading
Directed to appropriate tissuesNon-specific generalised loading
Loading through functional rangesLoading through limited ranges of movement
Appropriate blend of compressive, tensile and shear loadingLoading exclusively in a single manner
Variability in magnitude, direction, duration and intensityConstant, unidirectional load
Include neural overloadMinimal neural stimulus
Tailored to individual characteristicsGeneric, non-individualised
FunctionalNon-functional, isolated segmental loading