Table 5

Number of injuries and injury rates with 95% CIs by mechanism of injury and activity in NCAA men's and women's swimming and diving,* 2009/2010–2013/2014

Men’sWomen’s
Number of injuries in sample, n (%)Rate and 95% CI (per 1000 AE)Number of injuries in sample, n (%)Rate and 95% CI (per 1000 AE)
Swimmers
Mechanism of injury
 Contact with other athlete4 (3.2)0.05 (0.00 to 0.09)1 (0.6)0.01 (0.00 to 0.03)
 Contact with ground/surface15 (12.1)0.18 (0.09 to 0.27)9 (5.3)0.09 (0.03 to 0.14)
 Contact with water4 (3.2)0.05 (0.00 to 0.09)3 (1.8)0.03 (0.00 to 0.06)
 Contact with timing pad/side of pool/starting block4 (3.2)0.05 (0.00 to 0.09)4 (2.3)0.04 (0.00 to 0.08)
 Non-contact31 (25.0)0.37 (0.24 to 0.50)29 (17.0)0.28 (0.18 to 0.38)
 Overuse55 (44.4)0.66 (0.48 to 0.83)109 (63.7)1.04 (0.84 to 1.23)
 Illness/infection5 (4.0)0.06 (0.01 to 0.11)8 (4.7)0.08 (0.02 to 0.13)
 Other6 (4.8)0.07 (0.01 to 0.13)8 (4.7)0.08 (0.02 to 0.13)
Activity
 Backstroke12 (9.7)0.14 (0.06 to 0.22)25 (15.6)0.24 (0.14 to 0.33)
 Breast stroke10 (8.1)0.12 (0.05 to 0.19)14 (8.2)0.13 (0.06 to 0.20)
 Butterfly16 (12.9)0.19 (0.10 to 0.28)22 (12.9)0.21 (0.12 to 0.30)
 Freestyle13 (10.5)0.16 (0.07 to 0.24)13 (7.6)0.12 (0.06 to 0.19)
 Medley56 (45.2)0.67 (0.49 to 0.84)78 (45.6)0.74 (0.58 to 0.91)
 Team conditioning2 (1.6)0.02 (0.00 to 0.06)7 (4.1)0.07 (0.02 to 0.12)
 Other15 (12.1)0.18 (0.09 to 0.27)12 (7.0)0.11 (0.05 to 0.18)
Divers
Mechanism of injury
 Contact with ground/surface2 (8.0)0.15 (0.00 to 0.37)3 (8.1)0.20 (0.00 to 0.43)
 Contact with water8 (32.0)0.62 (0.19 to 1.05)6 (16.2)0.40 (0.08 to 0.73)
 Contact with board/platform1 (4.0)0.08 (0.00 to 0.23)3 (8.1)0.20 (0.00 to 0.43)
 Non-contact7 (28.0)0.54 (0.14 to 0.94)10 (27.0)0.67 (0.26 to 1.09)
 Overuse6 (24.0)0.46 (0.09 to 0.84)8 (21.6)0.54 (0.17 to 0.91)
 Illness/Infection0 (0.0)0.002 (5.4)0.13 (0.00 to 0.32)
 Other1 (4.0)0.08 (0.00 to 0.23)3 (8.1)0.20 (0.00 to 0.43)
Activity
 Diving21 (84.0)1.63 (0.93 to 2.32)30 (81.1)2.02 (1.30 to 2.74)
 Team conditioning2 (8.0)0.15 (0.00 to 0.37)4 (10.8)0.27 (0.01 to 0.53)
 Other2 (8.0)0.15 (0.00 to 0.37)3 (8.1)0.20 (0.00 to 0.43)
  • *Data originates from NCAA ISP data, 2009/2010–2013/2014. Injuries are defined as injuries that: (1) occurred during a sanctioned practice or competition; and (2) were evaluated and/or treated by an athletic trainer, physician or other healthcare professional.

  • AE, athlete-exposure; ISP, NCAA Injury Surveillance Program; NCAA, National Collegiate Athletic Association.