Table 2

Changes in blood lipids in untrained men as a result of a period of recreational F training compared to R or inactive C

StudyActivity, target group, genderAge (years)Training intervention;
Duration (weeks), intensity (%), frequency (per week), session duration (min)
Total-Chol rest (mmol/l or %)HDL-Chol rest (mmol/l or %)LDL-Chol rest (mmol/l or %)
Krustrup et al1F, UT, M2912; 82%HRmax; 2.3; 605%↓NS8%↑NS15%↓*†
R, UT, M3112; 82%HRmax; 2.5; 607%↓NS8%↑NS4%↓NS
C, UT, M31No intervention0%↔NS7%↑NS0%↔NS
Randers et al8 41F, UT, M3164; 82%HRmax; 1.3; 600%↔NS8%↑NS7%↓NS
C, UT, M32No intervention2%↑NS0%↔NS7%↑NS
Randers et al38F, UT, Mh3612; 82%HRmax; 2.2; 600.1↓NS0.0↔NS0.4↓*NS†
C, UT, Mh43No intervention0.1↑NS0.1↓NS0.1↑NS
Krustrup et al15F, UT, Ma4624; 85%HRmax; 1.7; 608%↓NS9%↓NS
DAG, UT, Ma47DA on CRF9%↑NS9%↑NS
Knoepfli-Lenzin et al22F, UT, Mmh3712; 80%HRmax; 2.4; 605%↓*8%↑NS3%↓NS
R, UT, Mmh3612; 79%HRmax; 2.5; 602%↓NS0%↔NS0↔NS
C, UT, Mmh38No intervention4%↓NS8%↑NS3%↓NS
Schmidt et al17F, UT, Mt5124; 82%HRmax; 1.2; 605%↓NS8%↑NS11↑NS
C, UT, Mt49No intervention8%↑NS9%↑NS9%↑NS
De Sousa et al39F, UT, Mt+Wt6112; 83%HRmax; 3; 40; F+D0.6↓*†0↔NS0.4↓*†
C, UT, Mt+Wt61Diet group0.4↑NS0↔NS0.3↑NS
  • Changes between pre and post training intervention (unless otherwise stated).

  • *Significant difference from 0 weeks.

  • †Significant group difference compared to control.

  • a, hypertensive participants; C, controls; Chol, cholesterol; CRF; cardiovascular risk factors; DAG, doctor's advice group; F, football; F+D, football+diet group; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; HRmax, maximal heart rate; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; M, men; mh, mildly hypertensive participants; NS, not significant; R, running; t, type 2 diabetics; Total-chol, total plasma cholesterol; UT, untrained; W, women.