Table 2

Number of players using a substance prior to a match or during the tournament

2002–2014 FIFA WC2003–2007 FIFA Women's WC2005–2007 FIFA U-17/U-20 WC
Players (n)Players (n)Players (n)
Per matchDuring the tournamentPer matchDuring the tournamentPer matchDuring the tournament
(N=11 776)Per cent(n=2944)Per cent(N=2624)Per centn=656Per centN=7831Per centn=1832Per cent
Any medication517944.0202968.9131550.146971.5264433.8109759.9
NSAIDs373731.7160454.580630.733450.9153419.679343.3
Injections*4223.62347.9321.2182.7891.1492.7
Analgesics5885.037612.81435.49514.51882.41377.5
β-2-Agonists1421.2441.51044.0284.3771.0241.3
Myorelaxants3953.42257.6251.0233.52943.8201.1
Any supplement298525.398433.488033.522945.6310439.690649.5
  • *Injections of corticosteroids and/or anaesthetics. NSAID, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; U, under; WC, World Cup.