Table 1

Published guidelines to improve study methodological design and reporting

Study designRecommended guideline
RCTCONSORT checklist and guide9
Non-randomised interventionTREND statement10
CohortSTROBE statement11
Case–controlSTROBE statement11
Cross-sectionalSTROBE statement11
  • CONSORT, Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials; RCT, randomised controlled trial; STROBE, Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology; TREND, Transparent Reporting of Evaluations with Nonramdomised Designs.