Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria for participation in the study

 Cohort 65 participants
Soccer players with adductor-related groin painAsymptomatic soccer playersAsymptomatic non-soccer players
Inclusion criteria▸ Male soccer players
▸ Age above 18 years
▸ Two to four weekly soccer training sessions at the sub-elite level
▸ Groin pain when running and playing soccer
▸ Adductor-related groin pain at clinical examination
▸ Symptoms >4 weeks
▸ Male soccer players
▸ Age above 18 years
▸ Two to four weekly soccer training sessions at the sub-elite level
▸ No symptoms of hip and/or groin pain within the previous year
▸ Healthy males
▸ Age above 18 years
▸ Two to four weekly sports training sessions
▸ No symptoms of hip and/or groin pain within the previous year
Exclusion criteria▸ Symptoms of groin pain within 1 year from the date of examination
▸ Presence of hip and/or groin pain on clinical examination
▸ Regular soccer play within the previous 10 years
▸ Practice of sports known to be associated with groin pain (handball, rugby, ice hockey)
▸ Presence of hip and/or groin pain on clinical examination
AND
▸ Age under 18 years
▸ Systemic disorders, obesity, depression, alcohol or drug abuse
▸ Conditions that may cause symptoms of referred groin pain (chronic urinary tract infection, lower back pain, inguinal hernia)
▸ Inability to undergo MRI scanning (claustrophobia, magnetic metal implants)