Table 1

Groin injury frequency in prospective studies of men's club football

StudyPublication yearCountrySettingSeason (s)Team- seasons (n)Players (n)Total injuries (n)Number of groin injuries (%)
Árnason et al82004IcelandDivisions I and II1 season, 19991730624432 (13)
aus der Fünten et al92014GermanyDivisions I and II2 spring seasons, 2008 to 20101425430012 (4)
Bjørneboe et al102014NorwayDivision I6 seasons, 2002 to 200773Unknown2325255 (11)
Ekstrand and Gillquist111983SwedenDivision IV1 season, 19801218025632 (13)
Ekstrand and Hilding121999SwedenDivision IV2 seasons, 1995 to 19962132638231 (8)
Engebretsen et al132010NorwayDivision I to III1 season, 20043150850561 (12)
Engström et al141990SwedenDivisions I and II1 season, 19873648510 (12)
Hawkins and Fuller151999UKAmateur*3 seasons, 1994 to 19971210857862 (11)
Hawkins et al162001UKDivisions I to IV2 seasons, 1997 to 199918223766030731 (12)
Hägglund et al172005DenmarkDivision I1 spring season, 2001818839558 (15)
Hägglund et al182006SwedenDivision I1 season, 200212262588110 (19)
Hägglund et al192007SwedenDivision IV1 season, 200310†24113412 (9)
Hägglund et al202009SwedenDivision I1 season, 20051123954897 (18)
Hölmich et al212014DenmarkDivision V to VII1 season, 20044499849458 (12)
Noya Salces et al222014SpainDivision I1 season, 2008/2009164271293175 (14)
Noya Salces et al232014SpainDivision II1 season, 2008 to 200911301891144 (16)
Sousa et al242013PortugalAmateur*1 season, 2010 to 20111123121317 (8)
van Beijsterveldt et al252014The NetherlandsDivision I Amateur*1 season, 2009 to 2010
1 season, 2009 to 2010
8
23
217
456
286
424
30 (10)
47 (11)
Waldén et al262005SwedenDivision I1 season, 200114310715114 (16)
Werner et al272009Europe‡Division I7 seasons, 2001 to 20082310654483628 (14)
  • *The exact playing level of included clubs was not defined in the study.

  • †Only control group teams included from a randomised trial.

  • ‡Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Scotland, Spain, UK and Ukraine.