Table 1

Primary purpose(s) and risk of bias in included studies

StudyData collectionPrimary purpose of studyRisk of bias
Aprato et al65RetrospectiveDiagnostic accuracy of MRA for FAIHigh
Ayeni et al80UnclearDiagnostic accuracy of symptomatic maximal squat (clinical test) and cam FAILow
Barton et al66ProspectiveDiagnostic accuracy of α angle for cam FAIHigh
Beaule et al81UnclearDiagnostic accuracy of CT for FAIHigh
Chan et al74ProspectiveDiagnostic accuracy of MRA for ALTHigh
Domayer et al67RetrospectiveDiagnostic accuracy of radiography for FAIHigh
Hananouchi et al75ProspectiveDiagnostic accuracy of FADDIR test across four patient cohortsHigh
Keeney et al68RetrospectiveDiagnostic accuracy of MRA for ALT and concurrent hip pathologyHigh
Laude et al69RetrospectiveDescription of surgical treatment and outcomes for FAIHigh
Leunig et al76ProspectiveDiagnostic accuracy of MRA for ALTHigh
Martin et al77ProspectiveDiagnostic accuracy of clinical testsHigh
Maslowski et al78ProspectiveDiagnostic accuracy several clinical testsHigh
McCarthy and Busconi3UnclearDetermine relationship between clinical findings, radiological tests and surgical findingsHigh
Myrick and Nissen70RetrospectiveDiagnostic accuracy of THIRD testHigh
Narvani et al5ProspectiveDetermine prevalence of ALT in sports patients presenting with groin painHigh
Nogier et al64Prospective, descriptive studyDescription epidemiology of patients with mechanical hip symptomsHigh
Peters et al71RetrospectiveDescription of clinical outcomes post-surgical treatment for FAIHigh
Petersilge et al63UnclearDiagnostic accuracy of MRA for ALTHigh
Sink et al72RetrospectiveClinical presentation and diagnosis of FAIHigh
Troelsen et al79ProspectiveDiagnostic accuracy of clinical tests and US compared with MRAHigh
Wang et al73RetrospectiveDiagnostic accuracy of clinical examination, along with arthroscopic treatment for ALTHigh
  • dx, diagnosis; FAI, femoroactabular impingement; MRA, MR angiogram.