Table 3

Findings of network meta-analyses: comparative effects of exercise and drug interventions on mortality outcomes in heart failure. Values are odds ratios (95% credible intervals)

Comparator drugs
InterventionACE inhibitorsDiureticsβ blockersARBs
Exercise0.89 (0.59 to 1.23)4.11 (1.17 to 24.76)1.11 (0.82 to 1.46)0.86 (0.62 to1.16)
ACE inhibitors4.66 (1.32 to 28.21)1.24 (0.96 to 1.71)0.96 (0.78 to1.27)
Diuretics0.27 (0.04 to 0.93)0.21 (0.03 to 0.73)
β blockers0.77 (0.62 to 0.98)
  • ACE=angiotensin converting enzyme; ARBs=angiotensin receptor blockers.

  • Estimates lower than 1.00 favour row defining intervention.