TableĀ 5

Findings of network meta-analyses: comparative effects of exercise and all drug interventions on mortality outcomes in coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, and prediabetes

Treatment areaOdds ratio (95% CrI) drugs v exercise
Coronary heart disease0.94 (0.80 to 1.11)
Stroke8.66 (1.28 to 245.10)*
Heart failure0.99 (0.73 to 1.36)
Prediabetes1.43 (0.81 to 3.11)
  • Estimates lower than 1.00 favour drug interventions, estimates higher than 1.00 favour exercise.

  • *Odds ratio was associated with considerable uncertainty owing to extremely small numbers of events in exercise trials.