BJSM E-edition: Female athlete health
Several of the BJSM editorial team attended the excellent 2019 Isokinetic Conference in London this past April. One inspiring session at the conference focused specifically on the latest research in female sport. We heard a call for an increase in the number of published female-specific sports research studies. As the old saying goes “Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus”, therefore if we have gender differences we need to review the effectiveness of interventions (e.g. prevention programs) and whether they differ between the genders. This was discussed on the BJSM podcast last year by Jacky Forsyth and is included in our e-edition. Given the additional excitement generated by this year’s FIFA women’s world cup we have included some of the most recent papers on concussion and ACL risks in female athletes. We highlight the inspirational BJSM interview with the first ever female to run the prestigious Boston marathon – Kathrine Switzer. This e-edition includes the most recent updates on relative energy deficiency syndrome (RED-S) and reinforces some of the great research published in last year’s physical activity during pregnancy edition of BJSM. It would be remiss of us not to mention that our female athlete edition also features some of the leading talent in the sports medicine research space. Highlighting the work of great female researchers such as Dr. Kathryn Ackerman and Dr. Margie Davenport is always a pleasure. When it comes to the female athlete there cannot be many better conferences than the BJSM approved Biennial International Female Athlete Conference held recently in Boston, USA. It may be worth adding the webpage to your diary to keep abreast of updates on the next one. With great guests such as Dr. Cheri Blauet and Dr. Kirsty Elliot-Sale, it’s sure to attract even more than the 450 registrants who attended this year!
We want to be sure that researchers and readers, know we have heard the call for more gender specific research in sports medicine. As a journal leading the way in our field we certainly look forward to publishing new evidence on gender specific differences in the elite sporting environment. If you want to join the debate, message us on our social media channels @BJSM_BMJ. If you have ideas or want to suggest topics for future editions, we are keen to serve you, our audience. Please get in touch by using the #BJSMOnlineEdition on Facebook, Twitter or Instagram to let us know your thoughts. Also, don’t forget to download the BJSM App. The App remains a convenient way to see all the latest podcasts, blogs and other BJSM content in one place. We hope you enjoy these supplementary BJSM editions and wish you a physically active day! Your BJSM online editors
Katherine Switzer discusses her participation in the Boston marathon and her fight for female representation across elite sportIn 1967, 20-year-old Kathrine Switzer became the first woman to complete the all-male Boston Marathon as an official entrant. She managed to fight off a race official who tried to force her from the course after only several kilometres, and made history as she crossed the finish line four hours later. Empowered by her experience, Kathrine became determined to create change for all women and has dedicated her career to advancing women’s sport, health and equality.
ORIGINAL ARTICLE (Journal of Adolescent Health)
The Influence of the Breast on Sport and Exercise Participation in School Girls in the United Kingdom Joanna Scurr, Nicola Brown, Jenny Smith, et al.
SmartHER: Female Athlete Health at the English Institute of Sport (EIS)Emma Ross and Richard Burden of the EIS Physiology team speak about the work they are doing around female athlete health to encourage athletes, coaches and support staff to open up the conversation and consider female physiology and psychology in training, recovery, nutrition and the coaching environment, in order to improve the health and performance outcomes for female athletes.
We need to talk about ‘manels’: the problem of implicit gender bias in sport and exercise medicine Sheree Bekker, Osman H Ahmed, Ummukulthoum Bakare, et al.
Research imbalance: Sport and Exercise in Women versus MenJacky Forsyth (@JackyForsyth) is a senior lecturer at Staffordshire University. She is a lead organiser of the Women in Sport and Exercise Conference. In this podcast reviews the difference in the amount of research done on exercise in women compared to exercise in men, and why we need to correct this imbalance.
PhD ACADEMY AWARD
Too many rib ticklers? Injuries in Australian women’s cricket Nirmala Kanthi Panagodage Perera
“What’s my risk of sustaining an ACL injury while playing sports?” A systematic review with meta-analysis Alicia M Montalvo, Daniel K Schneider, Laura Yut, et al.
Risk Factors for ACL Injuries & how to prevent them@FlynnSlattery
PhD ACADEMY AWARD
One ACL injury is enough! Focus on female football players Anne Fältström
ORIGINAL RESEARCH (International Journal of Sports Medicine)
A Reliable Video-based ACL Injury Screening Tool for Female Team Sport Athletes Gillian Weir, Jacqueline Alderson, Natalie Smailes, Bruce Elliott & Cyril Donnelly
Epidemiology of 3825 injuries sustained in six seasons of National Collegiate Athletic Association men's and women's soccer (2009/2010–2014/2015) Karen G Roos, Erin B Wasserman, Sara L Dalton
PhD ACADEMY AWARD
Depression and anxiety symptoms in 17 teams of female football players including 10 German first league teams Astrid Junge & Birgit Prinz
ORIGINAL ARTICLE (European Journal of Applied Physiology)
Prevalence and Perceived Side Effects of Hormonal Contraceptive Use and the Menstrual Cycle in Elite Athletes Daniel Martin, Craig Sale, Simon B. Cooper, Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale
What’s so good about Menstrual Cycles? Dr Nicky Keay
ORIGINAL RESEARCH (PLoS ONE)
The Prevalence and Impact of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding (Menorrhagia) in Elite and Non-Elite Athletes Georgie Bruinvels, Richard Burden, Nicola Brown, at al.
Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) in female athletes [Part 2: Investigation and Management] Simon Tarsha & Craig Sheridan
EDITORIAL (The Physician and Sportsmedicine)
Pelvic floor muscle function and urinary incontinence in the female athlete Ellen K. Casey & Kate Temme
Low energy availability surrogates correlate with health and performance consequences of Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport Kathryn E Ackerman, Bryan Holtzman, Katherine M Cooper, et al.
IOC consensus statement on relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S): 2018 update Margo Mountjoy, Jorunn Kaiander Sundgot-Borgen, Louise M Burke, Kathryn E Ackerman, Cheri Blauwet, Naama Constantini, Constance Lebrun, Bronwen Lundy, Anna Katarina Melin, Nanna L Meyer, Roberta T Sherman, Adam S Tenforde, Monica Klungland Torstveit, Richard Budgett
Clinical tips from Dr. Kathryn Ackerman on how to manage athletes with low energy availabilityDr. Kathryn Ackerman talks about the hot topic of energy availability in sport giving us clinical tips to manage athletes we suspect might be at risk of the consequences of low energy availability. Kathryn’s research focuses on the Female Athlete Triad and the various aspects of Relative Energy in Deficiency in Sport.
Relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) Siobhan M Statuta, Irfan M Asif, Jonathan A Drezner
ORIGINAL ARTICLE (Scandinavian Journal of Sports Medicine and Sciences in Sports)
Low energy availability, menstrual dysfunction, and impaired bone health: A survey of elite para athletes Emily M. Brook Adam S. Tenforde Elizabeth M. Broad, et al.
The IOC relative energy deficiency in sport clinical assessment tool (RED-S CAT) FREE Margo Mountjoy, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Louise Burke, et al.
Exercise dependence, eating disorder symptoms and biomarkers of Relative Energy Deficiency in Sports (RED-S) among male endurance athletes Monica Klungland Torstveit, Ida Lysdahl Fahrenholtz, Mia Beck Lichtenstein, et al.
Hormone Cycles and PerformanceFurther discussion with Dr. ‘Kate’ Ackerman, MD, MPH, as she presents current research and hypotheses related to hormone cycles and athletic performance, during Boston Children's Hospital Sports Medicine Division Female Athlete Conference.
ORIGINAL ARTICLE (International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism)
Characterization of Risk Quantification Differences Using Female Athlete Triad Cumulative Risk Assessment and Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport Clinical Assessment Tool Bryan Holtzman, Adam S. Tenforde, Allyson L. Parziale, Kathryn E. Ackerman
EDITORIAL (Clinics in Sports Medicine)
Female Athlete Triad: Future Directions for Energy Availability and Eating Disorder Research and Practice Nancy I.Williams, Siobhan M.Statuta, Ashley Austin
2019 Canadian guideline for physical activity throughout pregnancy Michelle F Mottola, Margie H Davenport, Stephanie-May Ruchat, et al.
Do female elite athletes experience more complicated childbirth than non-athletes? A case–control study Thorgerdur Sigurdardottir, Thora Steingrimsdottir, Reynir Tomas Geirsson, et al.
Bumping up physical activity throughout pregnancyFewer than 15% of women achieve the minimum recommendation of 150 min per week of moderate-intensity physical activity throughout their pregnancy. Meeting the recommendation can reduce the risk of pregnancy-related illness such as depression by at least 25%, and the risk of developing gestational diabetes, hypertension and preeclampsia by 40%. Dr. Margie Davenport addresses common misconceptions regarding physical activity during pregnancy and explains the new 2019 Canadian guidelines for physical activity throughout pregnancy.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH (Medicine & Science in Sport & Exercise)
Effects of Aerobic Exercise during Pregnancy on One-Month Infant Neuromotor Skills Amy McMillan, Linda May, Georgeanna Gaines, et al.
Considerations to guide return to postnatal running Tom Goom, Gráinne Donnelly & Emma Brockwell
Exercise for the prevention and treatment of low back, pelvic girdle and lumbopelvic pain during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis Margie H Davenport, Andree-Anne Marchand, Michelle F Mottola, et al.
It’s time to treat exercise in pregnancy as therapy Gregory Davies & Raul Artal