Top Cited Articles

BJSM achieved a 2018 impact factor of 11.645 (Journal Citation Reports (c) Clarivate Analytics) and is the top ranked journal in the Sports Sciences category. The BJSM editors thank all those in our community who have made this possible—it takes a village. We are particularly grateful to the hard-working authors for trusting BJSM as the platform for their very best papers in clinically-relevant sport and exercise medicine/physiotherapy.

To celebrate this achievement we have listed the top 30 cited articles over the past 3 years below and made them free to read.


A systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression of the effect of protein supplementation on resistance training-induced gains in muscle mass and strength in healthy adults
Robert W Morton, Kevin T Murphy, Sean R McKellar et al

Exercise interventions for cognitive function in adults older than 50: a systematic review with meta-analysis
Joseph Michael Northey, Nicolas Cherbuin, Kate Louise Pumpa et al.

Eighty-three per cent of elite athletes return to preinjury sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a systematic review with meta-analysis of return to sport rates, graft rupture rates and performance outcomes
Courtney C H Lai, Clare L Ardern, Julian A Feller et al.

IOC consensus statement: dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete
Ronald J Maughan, Louise M Burke, Jiri Dvorak et al.

Timing of the decline in physical activity in childhood and adolescence: Gateshead Millennium Cohort Study
Mohammed Abdulaziz Farooq, Kathryn N Parkinson, Ashley J Adamson et al.

International variability in 20 m shuttle run performance in children and youth: who are the fittest from a 50-country comparison? A systematic literature review with pooling of aggregate results
Justin J Lang, Mark S Tremblay, Luc Léger et al.

The physical activity paradox: six reasons why occupational physical activity (OPA) does not confer the cardiovascular health benefits that leisure time physical activity does
Andreas Holtermann, Niklas Krause, Allard J van der Beek et al.

European normative values for physical fitness in children and adolescents aged 9–17 years: results from 2 779 165 Eurofit performances representing 30 countries
Grant R Tomkinson, Kevin D Carver, Frazer Atkinson et al.

The Fat but Fit paradox: what we know and don’t know about it
Francisco B Ortega, Jonatan R Ruiz, Idoia Labayen et al.

2019 Canadian guideline for physical activity throughout pregnancy
Michelle F Mottola, Margie H Davenport, Stephanie-May Ruchat et al.


Consensus statement on concussion in sport—the 5th international conference on concussion in sport held in Berlin, October 2016
Paul McCrory, Willem Meeuwisse, Jiří Dvorak et al.

Exercise to prevent falls in older adults: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis
Catherine Sherrington, Zoe A Michaleff, Nicola Fairhall et al.

Effects of high-intensity interval training on cardiometabolic health: a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention studies
Romeo B Batacan Jr, Mitch J Duncan, Vincent J Dalbo et al.

The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5th Edition (SCAT5): Background and rationale
Ruben J Echemendia, Willem Meeuwisse, Paul McCrory et al.

What is the physiological time to recovery after concussion? A systematic review
Joshua Kamins, Erin Bigler, Tracey Covassin et al.

Predictors of clinical recovery from concussion: a systematic review
Grant L Iverson, Andrew J Gardner, Douglas P Terry et al.

A systematic review of potential long-term effects of sport-related concussion
Geoff Manley, Andrew J Gardner, Kathryn J Schneider et al.

What is the association between sedentary behaviour and cognitive function? A systematic review
Ryan S Falck, Jennifer C Davis, Teresa Liu-Ambrose

Effect of specific exercise-based football injury prevention programmes on the overall injury rate in football: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the FIFA 11 and 11+ programmes
Kristian Thorborg, Kasper Kühn Krommes, Ernest Esteve et al.

What is the difference in concussion management in children as compared with adults? A systematic review
Gavin A Davis, Vicki Anderson, Franz E Babl et al.


The training—injury prevention paradox: should athletes be training smarter and harder?
Tim J Gabbett

The Warwick Agreement on femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAI syndrome): an international consensus statement
D R Griffin, E J Dickenson, J O’Donnell et al.

How much is too much? (Part 1) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of injury
Torbjørn Soligard, Martin Schwellnus, Juan-Manuel Alonso et al.

Monitoring the athlete training response: subjective self-reported measures trump commonly used objective measures: a systematic review
Anna E Saw, Luana C Main, Paul B Gastin et al.

Simple decision rules can reduce reinjury risk by 84% after ACL reconstruction: the Delaware-Oslo ACL cohort study
Hege Grindem, Lynn Snyder-Mackler, Håvard Moksnes et al.

Why screening tests to predict injury do not work—and probably never will…: a critical review
Roald Bahr

Hamstring injuries have increased by 4% annually in men’s professional football, since 2001: a 13-year longitudinal analysis of the UEFA Elite Club injury study
Jan Ekstrand, Markus Waldén1, Martin Hägglund

2016 Patellofemoral pain consensus statement from the 4th International Patellofemoral Pain Research Retreat, Manchester. Part 1: Terminology, definitions, clinical examination, natural history, patellofemoral osteoarthritis and patient-reported outcome measures
Kay M Crossley, Joshua J Stefanik, James Selfe et al.

Likelihood of ACL graft rupture: not meeting six clinical discharge criteria before return to sport is associated with a four times greater risk of rupture
Polyvios Kyritsis, Roald Bahr, Philippe Landreau et al.

2016 Consensus statement on return to sport from the First World Congress in Sports Physical Therapy, Bern
Clare L Ardern, Philip Glasgow, Anthony Schneiders et al.